Mexico – Mexican history time-line overview- resource page

articles History & People History Indexes
Although all countries have visible remains of their history, Mexico seems to have reminders of its past in just about every town you visit. Due to Mexico’s vast history this portion of MexConnect contains an overview of the country’s history showing what the rest of the world was up to as Mexico evolved. We have also divided Mexico’s history into several smaller categories in order to help you achieve a greater understanding of the evolutionary and revolutionary processes that have made Mexico what it is today.

For a brief Introduction to Mexico’s History Click Here

History of Mexico resource page – | – Mexico’s Famous Historical Figures
See below for specific time periods.


3500 B.C. – 300 A.D.

The Pre Classical Period

Map of the Preclassic Era
2500 B.C. to 250 A.D.

The Olmeca Culture

The Classic Greek Culture (1200 B.C. to 323 B.C. the year in which Alexander the Great dies)

The Roman Empire is founded (753 B.C.)

The Roman Republic and Empire

Egyptian Pyramids (2613 – 2494 B.C.)

Mesopotamia: Hammurabi’s Code (1700B.C)

The Birth of Buddha (563 B.C.)

The Great Wall of China (221 B.C.)

The Birth of Christ

300 – 900 A.D.

The Classical Period

Map of the Classic Era
250 B.C. – 900 A.D.


Monte Albán and the Zapoteca Culture

The Maya Culture


Attila the Hun invades various regions in Europe (375 – 425)

The Fall of the Roman Empire (476)

The beginning of the Middle Ages and Feudalism (476 – 1453)

The Arabs defeat the Visigoths in Spain (711)

Charles the Great is crowned Emperor (800)

Justinian builds Santa Sofia in Cosntantinople (532 – 237)

The Chinese invent Porcelain (650 approx.)

Mahommed marches from Mecca to Medina (622), beginning of the Muslim era


The Post Classical Period

Map of the Postclassic Era
900 A.D. – 1521 A.D.

The Pre-Hispanic Era in Oaxaca

The Tolteca and Chichimeca Cultures

The Quetzalcoatl Trinity

Tarasco Culture & Empire (1100 – 1522)

The Aztecs and the Founding of Tenochtitlan (1325 – 1521)

Are You Related to the Aztecs? An Analysis of The Uto-Aztecan Family

Texcoco – Nezahualcoyotl: The Philospher King (1403-1473)

Star Snake (Citlalcoatl – Aztec)

Moctezuma I (The Other Moctezuma)

Jeronimo de Aguilar

Hernan Cortés

Cortés lands in America and founds Veracruz (1519)

Chauhtemoc: Winner in Defeat

The first Crusade (1096)

The University of Cambridge is founded (1209)

Magna Carta (1215)

The height of the Rennaisance (1500)

Leonardo Da Vinci’s “La Gioconda” (1503 – 05)

Charles I of Spain is elected emperor of the Holy Roman and Germanic Empires as Charles V (1519)

The Bizantine church breaks with Rome (1054)

The Inca Empire (1100)

Marco Polo travels to China (1271 – 1295)

Constantinople falls to the Turks

Columbus arrives in what is later called the Americas (1492)

1521 – 1810

The Spanish Conquest

Moctezuma II 1480? – 1520
Cortés and the Conquest (1519 – 1521)
The Aztecs Speak – An Aztec account of the Conquest of Mexico
In Search of Malinche – the Mexican Mata Hari
“La Malinche”
La Malinche – Unrecognized Heroine

The Colonial Period

The Settlement of New Spain
Religion & Society in New Spain
The Economy of New Spain
Slavery a la Mexicana

Afro-Mexicans:Black Immigration & the Costa Chica
African Roots Stretch Deep into Mexico
Bartolome de las Casas: Father of Liberation Theology

The Apparition of the Virgin of Guadalupe  (1531)

Founding of The University of Mexico, Mexico City. The first University on the North or South American Continents. (1551)

The First Viceroy of Mexico (1530 – 1550):
Antonio de Mendoza

The Casa de Moneda is founded (1535) and the first printing press on the Continent (1549)

Nuño Beltran de Guzmán

“Bloody Guzman” & the Founding of Guadalajara

Vasco de Quiroga: Practical Utopia (1537 – 1565)

The Jesuit Father Kino (1644-1711)

Innauguration of the first Cathedral in Mexico (1656)

Juana Inés de la Cruz (Sor Juana) 1651-1695

Miguel Hidalgo 1753 – 1811

José Morelos y Pavón 1765 – 1815

Expulsion of the Jesuits (1767)

Nicolas Bravo 1786 – 1854

Churches are constructed in the Churriguerresque, Baroque, Plateresque and other styles

Ignacio de Allende 1779 – 1811

Antonio López de Santa Anna 1794 – 1876

The Protestant Reform (1521)

Michael Angelo paints the Last Supper in the Sisteen Chapel (1536 – 1541)

Copernicus publishes his theory that the Sun is the center of the Universe, and that the Earth revolves around it (1543)

The first Encyclopedia is published (Voltaire, Rousseau, Diderot, d’Alembert) (1751)

The French Revolution

Napoleon overthrows the King of Spain Fernando VII and places his brother Joseph on the throne (1808)

The Industrial Revolution in England (1760 – 1851)

Sir Walter Raleigh founds the first English Colony in North America (North Carolina) (1587)

The Taj Mahal is built in India (1631 – 1653)

The French founded New Orleans in Louisiana (1718)

Benjamin Franklin invents the lightning Rod (1752)

The North American colonists protest high taxes, The Boston Tea Party (1773)

The 13 English colonies declare their independence (4th of July 1776)

USA buys Louisiana from the French – The Louisiana Purchase (1803)

1810 – 1910

Mexico’s Independence from Spain (1810-1821)

The Colonial Government – Successful Failure

The Cry of Independence: September 15, 1810

“El Grito” – September 15 or September 16?

Miguel Hidalgo

The Battle of Calderón, 1811

Los Niños Heroes: Reality or Myth?

Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez (1768-1829)

Javier Mina

Lucas Alamán (1792-1853)

Melchor Ocampo (1814-1861)

Emperor Augustín Iturbide 1822 – 1823
Agustín Itúrbide, Unappreciated Unknown

Guadalupe Victoria –
The First President – 1824-1828

Vincente Guerrero –
President – 1829

Antonio López de Santa Anna

1833 Cholera epidemic in Guadalajara

The Pastry War. France – Mexico, 1838

Santos Degollado

U.S. Invasion – The Mexican-American War (1846 – 1848)
Loss of Texas and portion of California (1848)

Liberal Reform (1858 – 1861)

Cinco de Mayo – The Battle of Puebla (May 5, 1862)
Maximilian’s Empire (1864 – 1867)
Maximilian & Carlota – the Emperor and Empress of Mexico
The Republic

The Porfiriato (1877 – 1910)
Porfirio Díaz – An Enigma

The Holy Alliance is created to defend Absolutism (Austria, Russina and Prussia) (1815)

England’s Victorian Period (1837 – 1901)

The Suez Canal is opened (1869)

The Curies discover radiation (1898)

Independence of:

Colombia (1810),

Venezuela (1811),

Argentina (1816),

Chile (1818),

Peru (1821),

Brazil (1822)

and Uruguay (1825)

American Civil War (1861 – 1865)

USA purchases Alaska from Russia for $7 million dollars (1867)


Chinese Immigration in Mexico

1910 – Founding of the Cruz Roja – Mexico’s Red Cross

The Mexican Revolution

Mexican Revolution (1910) – A SummaryThe Revolution 1910 – 1920:Venustiano Carranza

Victoriano Huerta

Francisco Madero

Alvaro Obregón

Vicente Lombardo Toledano

Aquiles Serdán

Emiliano Zapata

The Zapatista Movement (1911 – 1919)

A Nation in Flux Part 1
A Nation in Flux Part 2The Revolution 1920 – 1940:Consolidation Part 1
Consolidation Part 2
Consolidation Part 3
Plutarco Elias Calles
President 1924 – 1928

Cristero Wars (1927 – 1929)
Part 1:
Toward the Abyss

Part 2:
The Combat Phase

Part 3:
Behind the Scenes

Institutional Single Party system (1926 – 1993)

Lázaro Cárdenas

Diego Rivera

José Clemente Orozco

Porfirian style social peace (1926 – 1993)

Octavio Paz

Agustin Yañez

Adolfo López Mateos
President 1958 – 1964

Gustavo Díaz Ordaz
President 1964 – 1970

Carlos Salinas de Gortari
President 1988 – 1994

Index to Feature Section October 2 1968

The Oiling of a Crisis 1938 – 1988

The Russian Revolution (1917)

The British Empire becomes a Commonwealth (1926)

Benito Mussolini establishes Fascism in Italy (1922 – 1943)

Hitler comes to power (1933)

Spanish Civil War (1936)

The European Free Trade Zone is established between six countries (1957)

1st World War (1914 – 1918)

2nd World War (1939 – 1945)

Mexico – Forgotten World War II Ally

The United Nations Organization is formed (1945)

Mao Tse Tung takes power in China (1949)

Korean War (1950 – 1953)

Castro institutes a Communist Dictatorship in Cuba (1959)

Americans land on the Moon (1969)

The 1990s

The Zapatista Movement

North American Free Trade Agreement is signed between USA, Canada and Mexico (1992), takes effect in 1994

Drugs, Revolution and the Militarization of Mexico (1994 – )

NAFTA 1999 – Five years After.

The Maastricht Treaty unites Europe (1993)

The “Euro” becomes the common currency of the EEC. (1999)

The USSR and the Eastern Block Countries abandon the Socialist system.

History of Mexico resource page – | – Mexico’s Famous Historical Figures

This table was translated, adapted and reprinted with permission, from “Historia
Sinóptica de México” by Luis Pazos, book published by Editorial Diana.

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