Aug 16, 2009, 9:17 AM
Yes, a long time since school days and I'm sure I've forgotten a bunch. But learning Spanish has been a great refresher, and an eye-opener.
Add "s" to third person present singular, English conjugation. It's not that difficult in past tense, do nothing. Infinitives are like the present tense, add "to" to make the infinitive. Notice I didn't say present indicative, no need, there really isn't a subjunctive. To go, I go, you go, he goes, we go, y'all go, they go. Spanish ir, voy, vas, va, vamos, van. But that's here, in Europe I have to say vais if I don't want to be too formal with y'all.
Of course there are irregular verbs in English. English "Be" is the verb it seems we most conjugate. There is I AM, you ARE, he IS, but then it's once again, we ARE, y'all ARE, they ARE. And "be" also contains our subjunctive "were," but English does not use much subjunctive. Be that as it may (a subjunctive phrase) most English subjunctive is in the form of word construction.
Much of English is word construction, it is how we differentiate past tense from imperfect, there is no conjugation or tense that does it. I went to the park, once. I went to the beach often as a kid.
I might say I am going to learn Spanish, I will learn it. Those are examples of how I express the future, but those are examples of word constructions and not actual verb tenses, not conjugations. In Spanish, voy a aprenderlo, o, lo aprendere'.
Though we share a lot of common phrases, word constructions i.e., voy a..., tengo que..., etc., you cannot compare Spanish grammar with English. It is difficult to compare any language with English. Its simplified grammar is in part why it is the number one second language in the world, that and that it is the world language of money.
But have I forgotten that much? Is there some future tense to English I have forgotten? Example, please.
(This post was edited by Peter on Aug 16, 2009, 11:22 AM)