Cuisine  |  See all recipes with fruit pork main-dishes salsas or in region Yucatán Peninsula

Baked Marinated Pork: Cochinita Pibil by Karen Hursh Graber © 2006

This is the quintessential Yucatecan dish, from a region that is quite possibly the "capital" of leaf-wrapped foods. The color and flavor of the marinade are characterized by achiote, or annatto seed. This succulent baked pork is worth trying even without banana leaves, though the taste will not be exactly the same. Simply omit the leaves and cover the baking dish with aluminum foil.


  • 2 banana leaves, passed over a flame to soften
  • 4 lbs. pork leg
  • 200 grams (2 bricks, about 4 ounces each) achiote paste
  • 1 cup bitter orange juice, or use half sweet orange juice and half vinegar
  • ¼ teaspoon ground cumin
  • 1 teaspoon crumbled, dried oregano
  • 1 teaspoon ground black pepper
  • ½ teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 4 large allspice berries, coarsely ground
  • 4 garlic cloves, peeled and crushed
  • 2 tablespoons melted lard or corn oil


Line the bottom of a large baking dish with banana leaves, one lengthwise and one widthwise, letting them hang over the sides of the dish so that they may be folded over the pork. Place the pork on the leaves.

Dissolve the achiote paste in the orange juice, add the remaining ingredients except the lard or oil, and mix well.

Pour the marinade over the pork, fold the banana leaves over all and place in the refrigerator to marinate, at least 8 hours and preferably overnight, turning once.

Fold back the banana leaves, drizzle the melted lard or corn oil over the pork, fold the leaves back over the pork and cover all tightly with aluminum foil. (Do not drain the marinade; this dish gets cooked in it, making it steamed rather than roasted.)

Place in a preheated 350º oven for 1½ hours, or until the meat is falling-apart tender. Remove the foil, fold back the banana leaves, and use two forks to pull the meat apart into shreds.

Serve with red onion rings marinated in orange juice vinaigrette and plenty of hot corn tortillas to make tacos.

Serves 8-10.

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Published or Updated on: January 1, 2006 by Karen Hursh Graber © 2008
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Follow Karen as she travels through the Central Mexican state of Puebla, meeting local cooks, tasting the food, and collecting recipes. With over 75 recipes, plus sections on ingredients and cooking techniques, the book takes the reader on a journey through one of Mexico's oldest and most renowned culinary regions. It can be ordered online.

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